Editor’s Note: This is the second story in a two-part series examining the ways Native language and cultural identity are being kept alive by the students of Notre Dame.For many Notre Dame students, the city of South Bend is simply known as the area surrounding the University. But, the general region of South Bend is also known as Zenba Odan — or “Ribbon Town” — to the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi. This past spring, a land acknowledgment resolution was passed by the student senate, largely prompted by the Native American Students Association of Notre Dame (NASAND), yet the University still does not formally acknowledge the tribe’s major role in Notre Dame’s founding.?The land acknowledgment resolution was proposed to be read at all major Notre Dame events in order to recognize the Potawatomi land the University sits on. Marcus Winchester, the director of the language and culture department of the Pokagon Band, said many people who are affiliated with the University do not realize that the Potawatomi invited Fr. Stephen Badin to the area that is now Notre Dame.?“I think it would be a huge milestone if the University would acknowledge that we’re the ones that welcomed Fr. Badin and requested his presence,” Winchester said. “And then when Fr. Badin left, Fr. Sorin was the one who came in and replaced him. So you know, that institution wouldn’t be there if Leopold [Pokagon] had requested someone else.”The Pokagon Natives have been in this area longer than Notre Dame itself, and have a history in the area dating back to the 1830s, years before Notre Dame was initially settled.Blaire Topash-Caldwell, an archivist for the Pokagon Band, said in an email that the 1830s were a stressful time for tribes in the Great Lakes region.?“Many villages were cut off from trade, left out of major policy decisions and forcibly removed from their home lands to foreign environments [in the] West,” Topash-Caldwell said. “Many native people died en route or starved once they reached their reservations. During this time, Leopold Pokagon was very politically active in treaty negotiations and forging important political relationships in order to protect his people.”In July of 1830, Leopold Pokagon journeyed from southeast Michigan to Detroit to ask Fr. Gabriel Richard to send a Catholic priest to oversee the failing Carey Mission in Niles, Michigan.?But, Issac McCoy, the pastor of the failing mission, refused to allow Leopold and newcomer Badin to succeed the Mission in Niles. So, they decided to start a brand new mission in one of Leopold’s villages — this village was in present-day South Bend.A year later, Badin built a chapel and the mission was thriving, Topash-Caldwell said.?“In 1834, Fr. Badin donated over 500 acres of this land to the Diocese of Vincennes, and in 1842 this land was given to Fr. Badin’s successor under a condition that a college would be built there. That successor was Fr. Sorin and that college is Notre Dame,” he said.?Winchester said Native Americans in the area often tried to negotiate with Americans instead of fighting or resisting. This approach would eventually lead to the creation of Notre Dame.“The United States wanted Potawatomi land, and they would go into these treaties with our leaders,” Winchester said. “What our leaders did, rather than try to fight or resist the Americans, was decide that we would try to have influence over American expansion rather than resist it. So, one of the ways that they did that was in treaty negotiations with the United States government. They would request things like log cabins, livestock and they also requested a missionary.”?This missionary became the failed mission in Niles that ultimately led to the creation of a brand new mission in South Bend. However, the Treaty of Chicago in 1833 by the U.S. government aimed to give the Pokagon’s land away to Americans.?“When Leopold went to the Treaty of Chicago in 1833, he discovered that treaty was intended to sign away the last of the Potawatomi land in Michigan and Indiana,” Winchester said. “Leopold used the successful mission that he had established with Fr. Badin as a justification for why our group of Potawatomi shouldn’t be moved out west. The United States government agreed that it was a very successful mission, and there was no need for us to be removed. Fr. Badin left, and had a few replacements come in, but his long-term replacement was Fr. Sorin.”From then on, Winchester said Notre Dame and the Pokagon maintained fairly good relations — that is, until the 1990s.“There’s always been a pretty respectful relationship between the tribe and Notre Dame,” Winchester said. “A long time ago, anytime any of our families needed anything, we could go to the school and they would help us out — whether it was food or clothing, or whatever it might have been. … I think relationships kind of went sour in the ’90s because there were some Potawatomi particular — that Hannahville Potawatomi from up North and Upper Peninsula, Michigan — tried to bring a lawsuit against the institution about land claims, so that kind of soured things.”As for the present day, Notre Dame professors will often host Potawatomi leaders in order to ensure students become more educated on the tribe’s history in the area. However, aside from this and the land acknowledgment, Native American students don’t have many resources or support on campus, Marcus Winchester-Jones, a Pokagon student and the current treasurer of NASAND, said. Winchester-Jones was the president of NASAND for the 2018-2019 school year, and the group, made up of many of the Native students on campus, has advocated for the removal of the Columbus murals, a land acknowledgment, a Native Studies major and even more resources for Native students.“I would like to see more support, and maybe some native traditions on campus,” Winchester-Jones, a junior and the cousin of Marcus Winchester, said. “I know, back in the day, there was a powwow celebration that they did on campus. We could start to bring that back with the help of administration. I think that it would be huge, just because this was native land back in the day. … It could be better to help develop and strengthen those bonds.”In an effort to maintain the use of the native language of the Potawatomi people, Neshnabémowen, the Tribal Historic Preservation Office employs fluent speakers that have launched an online dictionary. The tribe also has several initiatives in place to keep the culture and language alive.?“We also have a Cultural Activities Coordinator who’s organizing regalia-making classes, sugar bush camp and several other programs,” Topah-Caldwell said. “We have two team members who work with youth — everything from after-school programs, culture camp, and mentoring the Youth Council.”Although the tribe is based in Dowagiac, Michigan — about 45 minutes north of Notre Dame — the presence of the tribe can be seen in South Bend, from the street names and businesses to the Four Winds field.?“Obviously, we have the casino on the southwest side of town, and we also have the Four Winds Fields. But that doesn’t belong to us, you pretty much pay to have your name on that with a contract,” Winchester said.Winchester-Jones said he would also like to see more Native Americans on campus, but it is difficult to persuade native communities to send their children to Notre Dame.?“I would like to see more natives on campus,” he said. “It’s tough to get people to come to where there’s not a lot of people like them. But if there’s more effort shown and more effort communicated to those that are already on campus that they’re trying, that would be very, very nice to hear. Because I don’t hear much of it.”Tags: Father Badin, Father Sorin, land acknowledgment, Leopold Pokagon, NASAND, Pokagon Potawatomi
For over 20 years, the Rock ‘n’ Roll Marathon Series has made running fun by infusing each course with live bands, cheer teams and more. In 2018, we are bringing our best to Rock ‘n’ Roll Virginia Beach Half Marathon with more music, runner support, and community engagement every step of the way. This event was our very half-marathon-only event, helping to position 13.1 miles as a genuine and now hugely popular race distance. Held each year on Labor Day weekend in conjunction with the American Music Festival, half marathon runners are treated to a 3-day music festival in addition to miles of music on course and a grand finish along the oceanfront Boardwalk. With a half marathon, 5K, and 1 mile option, there is something for everyone.We also invite you to take on our Remix Challenge. Run either the 5K or Mile on the Sand on Saturday, September 1, plus the half marathon on Sunday and get three medals! You are already training for one day… why not make it two and earn some sweet bling?! If you just can’t get enough Rock ‘n’ Roll running on your weekend, the Remix Challenge is definitely for you.Music is a core part of our DNA here at the Rock ‘n’ Roll Marathon Series. As part of our commitment to deliver more music, we are excited to partner with the 25th Annual American Music Festival which allows our registered participants access to the event. Half Marathon runners get access to all 3 days, and 5K runners get access to the big show on Sunday, September 2nd. Come run with us and then ROCK with ZZ Top, Ziggy Marley, Goo Goo Dolls and more!
The Department of Agriculture (DA)recently announced that the blood sample from incident reports of the suspectedswine disease from Rizal province sent for confirmatory Polymerase ChainReaction tests has tested positive for ASF. The Task Force ASF, according toLeornardia, has focused on disseminating information to all industry stakeholders,from the huge livestock growers down to the backyard hog raisers. They will also formulate a contingencyplan for a tighter prevention and control measures to ward off the deadly pigdisease. “This is to effectivelyaddress?and devise measures to ensure the city against ASF,” the mayorsaid. BACOLOD City – The city governmenthere has activated a taskforce to prevent the dreaded African swine fever (ASF)from entering the metro. ASF is a highly contagious hemorrhagicviral disease of domestic and wild pigs that can easily spread from one farm toanother if not properly managed, thereby causing economic and productionlosses. He added that there is a need totighten preventive measures to protect the hog industry and to prevent apossible economic loss should the ASF breaches the city. Leonardia chairs the task force, whichincludes quick response, quarantine, surveillance, information, education andcommunication, and legal teams. City Agriculture officer Atty. Goldwyn Nifrashas been named as vice-chairperson. Mayor Evelio Leonardia issued anExecutive Order (EO) No. 27 last week creating the “Task Force ASF” that willbe in the forefront of safeguarding the local swine industry. The provincial government of NegrosOccidental has created its own ASF task force to conduct a province-widemonitoring to prevent entry of ASF in various points of entries./PN
A recent article by Gregg Doyel of the Indianapolis Star caught my eye.? Rayl was Mr. Bastketball while playing for Kokomo High School in the late 50’s.? He even broke one of Oscar Robertson’s scoring records.? He still has some scoring records at IU where he continued his basketball career.Jimmy Rayl and Terry Dischinger of Purdue waged quite a scoring battle while they were both in college.? I believe Dischinger beat Rayl on the last game of the Big 10 season. After college, Rayl got married to his high school sweatheart and that marriage produced 4 children.? One of his sons played on a state championship Kokomo team.Today Rayl is 74 years old and has struggled with his health.? Three years ago he suffered a stroke.? This was followed by a heart attack and later a broken hip.? True to the form that made him a great basketball player, he has not given up and is recovering at his home in Kokomo.? In this town, he is still their high school hero where you will find his image on Memorial Gym.
Press Association Elwood’s charges battled bravely on the restart with the wind at their backs, but the benefit of a strong replacements bench was vital for Glasgow as five points from the boot of another Lion Stuart Hogg, allied to Maitland’s 70th-minute effort, eased them over the line. On a windy night in the west of Ireland, Connacht were hoping to provide a winning send-off for departing head coach Eric Elwood with the match also marking the final outings for the province of Johnny O’Connor, Adrian Flavin and the Leinster-bound Mike McCarthy. However, a Ruaridh Jackson penalty was added by a Van der Merwe try as the visitors established a 10-3 half-time advantage with Dan Parks nailing a late penalty for Connacht. Glasgow Warriors missed out on a home semi-final in the RaboDirect Pro12 but tries from DTH van der Merwe and British and Irish Lions call-up Sean Maitland did see the Scottish side advance to the play-offs on the back of a 20-3 victory over Connacht.
A gunman opened fire in a temple outside of San Diego Saturday, killing one person and injuring three. On the last day of Passover, this also included a rabbi who was addressing the congregation at the time. According to authorities a suspect was later detained. The shooting is being considered a hate crime. “It was a hate crime, and that will not stand,” said Steve Vaus, mayor of Poway. He also said that the shooter made hateful statements when he entered the synagogue.
For all the Latest Sports News News, Other Sports News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. Switzerland: The International Boxing Association (AIBA) says it has approved new uniforms for female boxers to wear for religious reasons. AIBA says “hijabs and full body form-fitting uniforms” have been designed “that do not compromise the competition and therefore the health of the boxers.”Previously, the boxing association objected to the material of hijab head coverings “which was not designed to fit the body and had potential to come off and interfere in the competition.”AIBA says the rule change highlights its “commitment to gender equity and religious tolerance.”AIBA is currently under scrutiny by the International Olympic Committee, which halted formal planning for men’s and women’s boxing tournaments at the 2020 Tokyo Games.The IOC’s main issue is with AIBA president Gafur Rakhimov, who is on a US Treasury Department sanctions list.?
The Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at USC will hold two new programs this summer that offer high school students the opportunity to experience hands-on lab research in the biomedical sciences and to encourage them to pursue science after high school.Summer · The Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research Center at USC will offer two summer programs for high school students interested in stem cell research and practical lab experience. – Photo courtesy of Keck Medicine of USCEarly Investigator High School Summer Program in Stem Cell Research gives scientifically minded high school students from Harvard-Westlake School, the Marlborough School and the Lifeline Education Charter School the ability to experience eight weeks in a research laboratory.The USC Science, Technology and Research High School Summer Research and Creativity program, which has a 23-year standing partnership with the Francisco Bravo Medical Magnet High School, will broaden into stem cell research with its $264,000 grant from the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine.These programs offer high school students eight weeks in the lab and a weeklong workshop at the beginning of the summer, during which students learn techniques for stem cell research. Participants also attend progress meetings and seminars, and are assigned regular lab duties.“Expansion of the USC STAR summer research program is an exciting new chapter in our science education endeavors and partnership with Bravo High School,” said Dr. Roberta Diaz Brinton, director of the USC STAR program.USC STAR will offer 10? high school students the opportunity to intern with a research team either at the Stem Cell Center or one of its 50 associate laboratories. All CIRM STAR interns will give a final research presentation and will aid in planning the Stem Cells, Creativity and the Public forum.In the EiHS program, students will be placed with a mentor who will guide them through the research process. The program has accepted three students from Harvard-Westlake but is not sure how many applicants it will accept from Marlborough and Lifeline Education Charter School. Students are nominated by teachers and are required to fill out an application and attend an interview.Dr. Victoria Fox, EiHS program director, said she started this program because of high school students’ interest in science.“This is a research-run facility involved in training individuals from undergrads to professors,” Fox said. “Every year I got bombarded by high school students who wanted to come to my lab and gain experience.”Fox said he hopes EiHS will give participants the opportunity to gain practical experience in a lab.“The program will bring kids from all different backgrounds together through science and take kids from any school that are gifted and give them opportunity to work in a lab at a higher education level,” Fox said.Brinton said this program is important for the USC STAR program and for the students who will gain from this new opportunity in science.“The Broad Institute of Regenerative Medicine faculty mentorship of STAR students joins in the remarkable Trojan Family spirit of USC scientists who give so generously of their gifts and talents and who pay it forward,” Brinton said.
When USC faltered a week ago on the road at Stanford, a multitude of issues plagued the Trojans in their 5-3 loss: inaccurate shooting, a lack of focus and an inability to contend with a more physical Cardinal team.Seven days later, in a matchup with conference rival Cal, the inexperienced bunch shored up many of those lagging issues, but instead, new problems presented themselves, namely on the defensive end.Just short · Junior driver Peter Kurzeka and USC went down 5-0 early to Cal and, despite a furious rally, could not come back. – Katelynn Whitaker | Daily Trojan “We struggled with communication in defense, and [Cal’s] players did their job,” said junior goalie Joel Dennerley. “Every single one of our guys was making a mistake, and they capitalized on that.”Trailing No. 2 California 8-2 at the end of the second quarter, the No. 1 USC men’s water polo team (15-2, 1-2) found itself in a widening hole against an offense that couldn’t miss, eventually falling 12-9 despite a late surge of their own.“We just didn’t come out the way we should’ve,” said freshman driver Nikola Vavic. “We were ready, but things were just going their way. There wasn’t much we could do about it.”While the offense sputtered in the early goings, Cal took advantage of a series of defensive miscues on behalf of the Trojans, working their way to a 5-0 lead before Vavic finally put the Trojans on the scoreboard with 28 seconds remaining in the first frame.Yet, even with their limited offensive production, USC had an even greater difficulty stringing any goals together. Following Vavic’s goal, the Trojans turned the ball over on subsequent possessions, while the opposing Golden Bears made scoring look routine.After it’s five-goal outburst in the first period, Cal continued its success, scoring three more goals before halftime to balloon its lead to a six-goal margin.“They’re a good offensive team and have some good shooters, but for me, personally, it was a really disappointing game,” Dennerley said. “I let in some easy goals and it’s something I need to fix this week. It allowed them to get on a roll, and I take responsibility for this game in that regard.”But Cal’s scoring shouldn’t come as a surprise, as it features two attackers in Ivan Rackov and Luka Saponjic, who presently rank among the leaders in scoring nationally.“When you give them time and space, they’ll put their shots away,” Dennerley said. “It was good offense by them.”Rackov made a point to let Dennerley know how proficient the Bears were offensively. Following his hat trick-clinching goal late in the second frame, Rackov pointed at the Trojans’ goalie, holding up three fingers and rotating them from side to side.But Dennerley shrugged it off.“I try not to worry about that,” he said. “Players just try to get a psychological advantage and will talk crap to you. He’s a good player and a good shooter. He’s always going to get goals and our job is to stop him. We didn’t do that.”Luckily, the Trojans experienced a late scoring barrage of their own, to at least make the game competitive. Despite an 8-2 deficit at halftime, USC tallied seven second-half goals, with five coming in the fourth period.“This was a team we beat before, so we know we can play against them,” Vavic said, who finished with three goals on the day. “So, in the second half, we just knew we had to relax. They were just getting some lucky plays here and there, and we weren’t.”But as expected, such a lead was hard to overcome.“This game was really important, but we still have a long way to go in the season,” Dennerley said. “Depending on how things go, we can still be on top come the end of the year. We just need to focus on preparing for next week and fixing what happened today.”